Registration is the process by which every
employer/factory and its every employee employed for wages, is
identified for the purpose of the Scheme, and their individual
records are set up for them.The first step in the process is the obtaining of
particulars about each coverable factory/shop/establishment, and its
identification by allotment of a number i.e. Code No. by the R. O.
so as to facilitate keep track of contributions payable/paid and the
connected obligations of the employers. Subsequent step is the
registration of employees of covered factories by the R. O/L. O.
(where the work of registration of employees is decentralised), and
identifying them by allotment of a number i.e., insurance number,
and setting up of necessary records for recording the benefits for
which the insured employee may be entitled under the Scheme
according to eligibility. Individual record of each
employer/employee will facilitate necessary changes in future from
time to time and proper watch for obtaining compliance from the
employers and benefits to concerned insured persons.
Registration of Employers
1.2 Section 2A of the ESI Act states as under:-
2A. Registration of factories and
establishments-Every factory or establishment to which this Act
applies shall be registered within such time and in such manner as
may be specified in the regulations made in this behalf.
1.3. As a follow-up of this provision in the Act,
Regulation 10B was inserted in the ESI (General) Regulations, 1950.
This regulation states as under: -
10B- Registration of factories or establishments. -
(a) The employer in respect of a factory or establishment to
which the Act applies for the first time and to which an Employers’
Code No. is not yet allotted, and the employer in respect of a
factory or an establishment to which the Act previously applied but
has ceased to apply for the time being, shall furnish to the
appropriate R. O. not later than 15 days after the Act becomes
applicable, as the case may be, to the factory or establishment, a
declaration of registration in writing in form 01(hereinafter
referred to as employers’ registration form).
(b) The employer shall be responsible for the correctness of all
the particulars and information required to be furnished on the
employer’s registration form.
(c) The appropriate Regional Office may direct the
employer who fails to comply with the requirements of paragraph (a)
of this regulation within the time stated therein, to furnish to
that office employer’s registration form duly completed within such
further time as may be specified and such employer shall, thereupon,
comply with the instructions issued by that office in this
(d) Upon receipt of the completed employer’s
registration form, the appropriate R. O. shall, if satisfied that
the factory or the establishment is one to which the Act applies,
allot to it an employer’s code number (unless the factory or the
establishment has already been allotted an employer’s code number)
and shall inform the employer of that number.
(e) The employer shall enter the employer’s code
number on all documents prepared or completed by him in connection
with the Act, the rules and these regulations and in all
correspondence with the appropriate office.